Optimal thermal mass and how it affects building performance

Did you know that under Volume 1 Clause C2.6 of the Building Code of Australia (BCA), any gaps behind a curtain wall must be packed with non-combustible material that will withstand thermal expansion and structural movement, without loss of seal against fire and smoke?

This is the clause covering vertical separation between external openings in external walls and is crucial to a proper understanding of fire barriers. It’s important to recognise that the width of the horizontal gap between the slab edge and the curtain wall can vary dramatically, especially considering construction tolerances in concrete framed buildings.

This variation, coupled with normal building deflection tolerances, creates an interesting dilemma for builders, designers and architects – how to provide a fire barrier that can move and flex while maintaining a seal against smoke and heat.

And to complicate matters, a maximum of 20 per cent material compression is permitted for most materials, restricting designers from simply “over-specifying” the treatment. 

How To Provide A Fire Barrier That Can Move And Flex While Maintaining A Seal Against Smoke And Heat

Designers traditionally have used spandrel panels to create the vertical separation required. However, because many commercial buildings now feature curtain-wall facades, the slab edge treatment for fire separation creates new challenges for building designers, certifiers and installation crews to address.

What’s most important to understand is that, when installed, curtain-wall batts act as a fire barrier to retard the progress of fire between floors of multi-storey buildings. This material is installed between the edge of the concrete floor slab and the curtain wall in multi-storey buildings.

Typical Curtain Wall Insulation

As well, galvanised steel flashings are often installed below and above the curtain-wall batts, which are then sealed to the wall and the concrete with fire-rated sealant.

And remember! Compliance testing must be carried out to AS1530.4 and only products with compliance-test certificates should be used in these applications.

CSR systems incorporating various products can be tailored to meet the BCA requirements while also complying with AS1530.4.  In most cases a fire rating of up to 2 hours is achievable.

Curtain wall batts installed at slab edge

Need assistance?

Bradford's Technical Services team can work with your designers to develop fire separation systems for your projects. Find out about our technical project support and get in touch with an expert now.

Contact DesignSmart

For architects, engineers and builders:

  • Expert insulation advice
  • Project and value engineering support
  • Industry-leading building science research
1800 354 044

Technical Project Support

Bradford has experts located around Australia available to help architects & specifiers with their technical specifications.

Learn more with Bradford's CPD Programs

Bradford offers knowledge training with the additional benefit of accredited CPD points in your office as well as regularly scheduled external events.